Popular science about new coronavirus
01 What are coronaviruses and new coronaviruses?
Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses that are known to cause disease. Patients behave differently from the common cold to severe lung infections, such as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
New coronavirus (nCoV) is a new coronavirus that has not been previously found in humans.
02 Will people be infected with a new virus of animal origin?
According to detailed previous investigations, SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet to humans in 2002, while MERS-CoV was transmitted from unimodal camels to Saudis in 2012. Several other coronaviruses are known to spread in animals but have not infected humans. As surveillance technology improves worldwide, more coronaviruses may be discovered.
03 What symptoms do people have after being infected with coronavirus?
Symptoms depend on the type of infection, but common symptoms include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing. In more severe cases, the infection can lead to pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
04 Can coronavirus be transmitted from person to person?
Yes, some coronaviruses can be transmitted from person to person, usually after close contact with an infected patient, such as in a home, workplace or medical center.
05Are there any vaccines against the new coronavirus?
It takes time for new diseases to develop a vaccine, and it can take years to develop a new vaccine.
06 Are there any treatments for new coronaviruses?
There is no specific cure for diseases caused by the new coronavirus. However, many symptoms can be treated, so they can be treated according to the clinical condition of the patient. In addition, supportive care for infected people can be very effective.
07 Are medical staff more dangerous?
Yes, because health care workers are in greater contact with patients than the general public and are more vulnerable to new coronavirus infections, WHO recommends that health care workers always take appropriate infection prevention and control measures.
08 What can I do to protect ourselves?
Standard recommendations for reducing exposure and transmission of multiple diseases include maintaining basic hand and respiratory hygiene, as well as safe eating habits, and avoiding close contact with people who show symptoms of respiratory diseases such as coughing and sneezing, if possible .